Sometimes, steering an excavator is like driving a car. The followings are some rules you need to follow when operating an excavator.
You shall only operate the excavator in the operator seat. Nobody is allowed to take a ride on the excavator except the operator. Check alarm device to see whether it functions normally. Always lock the cab door and windows in open or shut positions. At where there may be hazard of falling objects, check the doors and windows of the machine to see if they are properly shut. Make sure there is nobody within the working range and hoot to give alert before reversing or swinging.
If your view is limited when reversing, designate a signalman and keep him within your eyesight. When a signalman is required for a specific job, hand signals specified in local regulations must be used. Only when both signalman and operator understand the signals can the machine be moved. Understand all vocal, graphic and flag signals used in work and decide who is to give signals. Keep the windows, rear view mirrors and work lamps clean and intact. Dust, heavy rain or fog will reduce visibility. Drive slowly and use proper lights in case of low visibility.
What’s more, to prevent the excavator from stalling due to overload or damage of work equipment, never operate the excavator exceeding allowable maximum load or performance parameters. Keep your excavator a safe distance from people, buildings or other machines in order to avoid collision during moving or operation.